Question: What are the key differences between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats in India?
- Location and Geography
- Biodiversity and Flora
- Climate and Rainfall
- Cultural Significance
- Economic Activities
Answer: A) Location and Geography
Solution: To distinguish between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats, we need to consider several key aspects. Let’s delve into the primary differences:
- Location and Geography: The most significant difference lies in their geographical locations. The Western Ghats, also known as the Sahyadri, runs parallel to the western coast of India, covering states like Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. These mountain ranges play a vital role in shaping the climate and topography of their respective regions.
- Biodiversity and Flora: The Western Ghats are a UNESCO World Heritage site and are recognized for their high levels of endemism. They are home to several endangered species, including the Bengal tiger, lion-tailed macaque, and various endemic plant species. On the other hand, the Eastern Ghats, while hosting unique species, do not exhibit the same level of endemism as the Western Ghats.
- Climate and Rainfall: The Western Ghats receive substantial rainfall during the monsoon season, leading to the lush green landscapes and numerous rivers. This results in a more moderate and humid climate. The Eastern Ghats, however, receive less rainfall and have a more arid or semi-arid climate in certain regions, leading to variations in vegetation and agriculture.
- Cultural Significance: Both ranges hold cultural importance.
- Economic Activities: The Western Ghats are characterized by extensive agriculture.
The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats differ significantly in terms of their location, biodiversity, climate, cultural significance, and economic activities. Understanding these distinctions can provide valuable insights into the diverse landscapes and ecosystems of India.
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